Lion Glass Formula Released - 10x strength, half carbon emissions, from Penn State

LionGlass Formula: A new glass for the future. Super strong, eco-friendly glass: 10x strength, half carbon emissions, from Penn State.

John Mauro, Dorothy Pate Enright Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State, said, “In many ways, Glass is a state of matter all its own. Any liquid can form a glass if it’s cooled rapidly enough. You can make Glass out of water. Physicists believe that most of the water in the universe is probably in glassy form. In movies, they use Glass made from sugars for breakable windows and dozens of glasses are made from metallic alloys. Anything liquefied can be brought into the glassy state if quenched fast enough to avoid crystallization.”

Time for a Change: The recipe for regular Glass, silicate glass, has been used for thousands of years. It’s made from three common minerals found on Earth. This mixture has been the basis for Glass used in windows, jars, and cups. But now, a researcher named Mauro and his team have created a new kind of glass called LionGlass. It needs less energy to make and is more challenging than regular Glass. Unlike the old Glass, LionGlass doesn’t use the same ingredients.

Mauro has applied for a patent to sell LionGlass, named after Penn State’s mascot. The exact recipe is a secret until the patent is approved. However the formula for a phosphate-based glass typically includes the formulation below.

The formula for Lion Glass, a phosphate-based glass

The formula for a phosphate-based glass typically includes a combination of silica (SiO2), phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5), and one or more alkali or alkaline earth oxides such as sodium oxide (Na2O), potassium oxide (K2O), calcium oxide (CaO), magnesium oxide (MgO), etc.

The exact composition of the glass depends on the desired properties and application. For example, adding certain metals like iron, manganese, zinc, etc., can change the color, optical transmission, thermal expansion, chemical durability, and other physical properties of the glass.

Here is a general formula for a simple phosphate-based glass:


Where x, y, z, w, v, and u represent the molar ratios of each component in the glass. These values can vary widely depending on the specific requirements of the glass.

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